Independent video programmers repeatedly have expressed concern that some practices of cable operators and other multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) limit their ability to reach viewers. To evaluate these concerns and assess the impact of these practices on the Commission’s goal of fostering a diverse, robust, and competitive programming marketplace, the NOI asks for comment on the general state of the marketplace for independent video programming and the challenges faced by all independent programmers – including new and emerging programmers – in attempting to launch or grow.
The NOI specifically invites comment on several issues that independent programmers and other interested parties have raised in other proceedings, including
- Contractual provisions often contained in program carriage agreements, such as most favored nation (MFN) and alternative distribution method (ADM) clauses;
- Distribution via over the top (OTT) platforms, and the costs and benefits of foregoing MVPD carriage to pursue OTT carriage;
- Program bundling (i.e., the practice by some content companies of requiring MVPDs or other distributors to carry large bundles in order to gain access to marquee programming);
- Negotiation tactics alleged to be common among MVPDs that may impede the ability of independent programmers to obtain carriage; and
- Claims that MVPDs discriminate against public, educational or government access (PEG) programming by failing to make PEG programming, and information about this programming, adequately available to subscribers.
Lastly, the NOI asks about the Commission’s legal authority in this area and what role, if any, it should play in addressing obstacles that hinder consumers from accessing sources of independent and diverse programming.
PROMOTING THE AVAILABILITY OF DIVERSE AND INDEPENDENT SOURCES OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING. Notice of Inquiry seeks comment on the current state of programming diversity and the principal obstacles that independent programmers face in obtaining carriage on video distribution platforms. (Dkt No. 16-41 ). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 02/18/2016 by NOI. (FCC No. 16-19). MB FCC-16-19A1.docx FCC-16-19A2.docx FCC-16-19A3.docx FCC-16-19A4.docx FCC-16-19A5.docx FCC-16-19A6.docx FCC-16-19A1.pdf FCC-16-19A2.pdf FCC-16-19A3.pdf FCC-16-19A4.pdf FCC-16-19A5.pdf FCC-16-19A6.pdf
FCC EXAMINES STATE OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING DIVERSITY. Notice of Inquiry Asks for Comment on the Challenges Independent Programmers Face. News Release. (Dkt No 16-41 ). Adopted: 02/18/2016. MB DOC-337789A1.docx DOC-337789A1.pdf
Released: 03/01/2016. COMMENT AND REPLY DEADLINES SET FOR INDEPENDENT PROGRAMMING NOI. (DA No. 16-226). (Dkt No 16-41 ). Comments Due: 03/30/2016. Reply Comments Due: 04/19/2016. MB https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-16-226A1.doc
Released: 03/01/2016. MEDIA BUREAU ANNOUNCES PUBLIC WORKSHOP ON THE STATE OF THE VIDEO MARKETPLACE. (DA No. 16-228). MB . Contact: Raelynn Remy or Carlisha Myers at(202) 418-2120 https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-16-228A1.doc